Feet in Down Syndrome

For people with Down Syndrome, their ability to walk and ambulate can be affected by loose ligaments and low muscle tone.

Some of the features that become apparent within the lower limb and foot include:

  • flat pronated feet
  • bunions (hallux abducto-valgus HAV)
  • clawing of toes
  • excessive callus and corn development
  • shoe irritation
  • foot and gait features
    • broad feet with deep plantar crease
    • decreased ankle range of motion
    • wider base of gait
    • toe walking with poor heel contact
    • scuffing of foot due to poor foot clearance during swing phase

Treatment is focussed upon keeping the patient active by optimising their mobility and foot conditions. This can be achieved through many different ways and is dependent upon the individuals symptoms. Common treatment modalities include:

  • custom orthoses
  • specially fitted or custom footwear
  • general footcare
  • stretching and strengthening programs

The down syndrome foot is unique but through proper mangement it can be fully functional enabling one to lead a fulfilling life